大西洋憲章

一九四一年八月十四日 .

 アメリカ合衆国大統領及連合王国ニ於ケル皇帝陛下ノ政府ヲ代表スル「チャーチル」総理大 臣ハ、会合ヲ為シタル後両国カ世界ノ為一層良キ将来ヲ求メントスル其ノ希望ノ基礎ヲ成ス両 国国策ノ共通原則ヲ公ニスルヲ以テ正シト思考スルモノナリ。

一、両国ハ領土的其ノ他ノ増大ヲ求メス。

二、両国ハ関係国民ノ自由ニ表明セル希望ト一致セサル領土的変更ノ行ハルルコトヲ欲セス。

三、両国ハ一切ノ国民カ其ノ下ニ生活セントスル政体ヲ選択スルノ権利ヲ尊重ス。両国ハ主権 及自治ヲ強奪セラレタル者ニ主権及自治カ返還セラルルコトヲ希望ス。

四、両国ハ其ノ現存義務ヲ適法ニ尊重シ大国タルト小国タルト又戦勝国タルト敗戦国タルトヲ 問ハス一切ノ国力カ其ノ経済的繁栄ニ必要ナル世界ノ通商及原料ノ均等条件ニ於ケル利用 ヲ享有スルコトヲ促進スルニ努ムヘシ。

五、両国ハ改善セラレタル労働基準、経済的向上及社会的安定ヲ一切ノ国ノ為ニ確保スル為、 右一切ノ国ノ間ニ経済的分野ニ於テ完全ナル協力ヲ生セシメンコトヲ欲ス。

六、「ナチ」ノ暴虐ノ最終的破壊ノ後両国ハ一切ノ国民ニ対シ其ノ国境内ニ於テ安全ニ居住ス ルノ手段ヲ供与シ、且ツ一切ノ国ノ一切ノ人類カ恐怖及欠乏ヨリ解放セラレ其ノ生ヲ全ウ スルヲ得ルコトヲ確実ナラシムヘキ平和カ確立セラルルコトヲ希望ス。

七、右平和ハ一切ノ人類ヲシテ妨害ヲ受クルコトナク公ノ海洋ヲ航行スルコトヲ得シムヘシ。

八、両国ハ世界ノ一切ノ国民ハ実在論的理由ニ依ルト精神的理由ニ依ルトヲ問ハス強力ノ使用 ヲ抛棄スルニ至ルコトヲ要スト信ス。陸、海又ハ空ノ軍備カ自国国境外ヘノ侵略ノ脅威ヲ 与ヘ又ハ与フルコトアルヘキ国ニ依リ引続キ使用セラルルトキハ将来ノ平和ハ維持セラル ルコトヲ得サルカ故ニ、両国ハ一層広汎ニシテ永久的ナル一般的安全保障制度ノ確立ニ至 ル迄ハ斯ル国ノ武装解除ハ不可欠ノモノナリト信ス。両国ハ又平和ヲ愛好スル国民ノ為ニ 圧倒的軍備負担ヲ軽減スヘキ他ノ一切ノ実行可能ノ措置ヲ援助シ及助長スヘシ。


フランクリン・ディー・ローズヴェルト .
ウインストン・チャーチル .



Atlantic Charter

August 14, 1941

 The President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister, Mr. Churchill, representing His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom, being met together, deem it right to make known certain common principles in the national policies of their respective countries on which they base their hopes for a better future for the world.

 First, their countries seek no aggrandizement, territorial or other;

 Second, they desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned;

 Third, they respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live; and they wish to see sovereign rights and self government restored to those who have been forcibly deprived of them;

 Fourth, they will endeavor, with due respect for their existing obligations, to further the enjoyment by all States, great or small, victor or vanquished, of access, on equal terms, to the trade and to the raw materials of the world which are needed for their economic prosperity;

 Fifth, they desire to bring about the fullest collaboration between all nations in the economic field with the object of securing, for all, improved labor standards, economic advancement and social security;

 Sixth, after the final destruction of the Nazi tyranny, they hope to see established a peace which will afford to all nations the means of dwelling in safety within their own boundaries, and which will afford assurance that all the men in all lands may live out their lives in freedom from fear and want;

 Seventh, such a peace should enable all men to traverse the high seas and oceans without hindrance;

 Eighth, they believe that all of the nations of the world, for realistic as well as spiritual reasons must come to the abandonment of the use of force. Since no future peace can be maintained if land, sea or air armaments continue to be employed by nations which threaten, or may threaten, aggression outside of their frontiers, they believe, pending the establishment of a wider and permanent system of general security, that the disarmament of such nations is essential. They will likewise aid and encourage all other practicable measure which will lighten for peace-loving peoples the crushing burden of armaments.


 Franklin D. Roosevelt
 Winston S. Churchill


【参考資料集】
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